Buhari Signs Competition, Consumer Protection Bill

President Muhammadu Buhari

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has signed the Federal Competition and Consumer Protection Bill into law. Ita Enang, Senior Special Assistant to the President on National Assembly (Senate) who disclosed this in a statement, Wednesday, said the law seeks to “promote economic efficiency, maintain a competitive market in the Nigerian economy, protect the Nigerian economy, protect the interest and welfare of consumers by providing consumers with wide variety of quality products at competitive prices as well as prohibit restrictive or unfair business practices in the Nigerian economy.”

Senator Ita Enang

The Act, which repeals the Consumer Protection Council Act and sections 118-128 of the Investment and Securities Act, establishes the Federal Competition and Consumer Protection Commission, as well as the Consumer Protection Tribunal to try violations.

Enang said the Commission’s functions include, among others, to:

  • Initiate broad based policies and review economic activities in Nigeria to identify anti-competitive, anti-consumer protection and restrictive practices which may adversely affect the economic interest of consumers and make rules and regulations under this Act and any other enactment with regards to competitions and protection of consumers.
  • Advise the federal government generally on national policies and matters pertaining to all goods and services and on the determination of national norms and standards relating to competition and consumer protection.
  • Report annually on market practices and the implications for consumer choice and competition in the consumer market.
  • Eliminate anti-competitive agreements, misleading, unfair, deceptive or unconscionable marketing, trading and business practices.
  • Resolve disputes or complaints, issue directives and apply sanctions where necessary.
  • Create public awareness through seminars, workshops, studies and make available information with regard to the exercise of its powers and performance of its functions to the public.
  • Regulate and seek ways and means of removing or eliminating from the market, hazardous goods and services, including emission, untested, controversial, emerging or new technologies, products or devices whatsoever, and cause offenders to replace such goods or services with safer and more appropriate alternatives.
  • Publish, from time to time, list of goods and services whose consumption and sale have been banned, withdrawn, restricted or are not approved by the federal government or foreign governments.
  • Encourage trade, industry and professional associations to develop and enforce in their various fields quality standards designed to safeguard the interest of consumers.

The Act has been remitted to the National Assembly/Appropriate Authorities as law of the Federation, he said.

Babatunde Irukera, DG, CPC

Babatunde Irukera, Director-General, Consumer Protection Council (CPC) has described the new law as the most prolific legislation for promoting consumer confidence, choice, and fair pricing, adding that a vibrant competition framework is a key tool in reducing poverty, increasing value for money and ensuring consumer satisfaction.

“The demonstration of fidelity to consumers and citizens while continuing to promote Nigeria as a leading destination for investment is an outstanding achievement, and a historic milestone in the development of Nigeria and prioritization of her people both from consumer protection and economic competitiveness standpoints,” he noted.

Irukera said CPC “will engage every tool and provision in this new law and any other enactment for the protection of consumers to ensure fair treatment and respect for Nigerian consumers.”

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